Sigmand Freud, an Austrian neurologist who was fascinated by patients suffering from “hysteria” and neurosis. None of which had an apparent physical cause. He proposed that many of his patient's problems arose from the unconscious mind. In Freud's view, the unconscious mind was a repository of feelings and urges of which we have no awareness. Gaining access to the unconscious mind, then, was crucial to the successful resolution of the patient's problems. According to Freud, the unconscious mind could be accessed through dream analysis, by examinations of the first words that came to peoples minds, and through seemingly innocent slips of the tongue. Psychoanalitic theory focuses on the role of a person’s unconscious, as well as early childhood experiences, and this particular perspective dominated clinical psychology for several decades. ( Thorne and Henley, 2005)
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